High temperatures can cause flower and pod drop, resulting in low grain yield. However, some cowpeas are harvested while the seed are high moisture, and sold fresh, typically referred to as southern peas. is a major crop for worldwide food and nutritional security, especially in sub‐Saharan Africa, that is resilient to hot and drought‐prone environments. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Cowpea Kingdom and all the other plant kingdom are Plantae. Application of the APSIM cropping systems model to intercropping systems. Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. "The Library of Work and Play: Gardening and Farming." ; Adiku, S.G.K. Viral diseases are among the major constraint to cowpea production, causing yield losses of up to 87 %. : a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds also : its edible seed. ; McCown, R.L. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. Cultivars differ in terms of biomass partitioning to grain and phenology. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown APSIM-Cowpea is not phosphorus-responsive, this is currently under development. and Keating, B.A. Introduction and Importance of Cowpea: Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. In both senses also called black-eyed pea. Enter your email address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new posts by email. See more. this site functions with internal linking marked in colours. See pea. The cowpea module was developed by Peter Carberry and Michael Robertson . Cowpea grains rich in protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the tropics. — called also black-eyed pea, field pea. This is done by planting such crops as hemp, clover or cowpeas. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. WORLD LITERATURE ON COWPEA (VIGNA UNGUICULATA (L.) WALP) World literature on cowpea research covering mainly the two years, 1981-82was analysed to determine the yearly distribution of the litera-ture and the extent of the inclusive retrospective literature. They are often cooked with water and canned or frozen. The spreading type is typical of that found growing under smallholder conditions in southern Africa. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) was the first plant virus to be developed as an epitope presentation system (Usha et al., 1993; Porta et al., 1994, 1996).CPMV is a bipartite RNA virus (Fig. Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … Figure 1: Performance of the cowpea module (observed versus simulated grain yield in g/m2) against test datasets from northern Australia . The elites of England actually considered it food just for the cows and preferred the English pea instead. Cultivars and crop classes. While the beans are the primary focus of the cowpea plant, the leaves, pea pods, and green peas are also edible and can deliver a powerful burst of nutrients and minerals to the human body. Cowpea is classified in the division Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The reader is referred to the science document for the plant module for a comprehensive description of the processes simulated by APSIM-Cowpea. Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. It is now a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily for seed, but also as a vegetable (for leafy greens, green pods, fresh shelled green peas, and shelled dried peas), a cover crop and for fodder. sesquipedalis), a subgroup of cowpea, is an important vegetable legume crop of Asia where its young pods are consumed in both fresh and cooked forms. For silage it is inferior to corn or sorghum. APSIM-Cowpea has received testing across the northern Australia , with factors such as cultivars, sowing date, irrigation, soil type, row spacing varying. This short article about biology can be made longer. by. They were initially used for feeding cattle, which earns them the typical name. There is one crop class. Cowpea is a warm-season, annual, herbaceous legume. "Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Carberry, P.S. Soaking of cowpea seeds in 500 ppm thiourea before sowing followed by two foliar sprays of thiourea (500 ppm) one at vegetative and one at flowering stage should be done to obtain higher grain yield of cowpea.This will increase the yield by 26% and net return by 50%. Yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Table 1 summarises module performance. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, the United States, and Central and South America. The clovers, cowpeas, vetches, soy beans, and alfalfa are all legumes. & Braddock, R. (1993). 1996b. 200 million people in Africa consume cowpea. Structural rigidity and the capsid assembly of cowpea chlorotic mottle virus. Cowpea is grown in millions of smallholder farms in the drier zones of Africa, forming a great arc stretching from Senegal to Sudan and Somalia and southward to Zimbabwe, Botswana and Mozambique. Cowpea has a number of common names, including … 637-648. In the southern United States it has long been of great value, and with the introduction of mixed farming is increasingly appreciated. Cowpea, sometimes called China bean, is grown commercially in India and China and as a high-protein subsistence crop in Africa. this is open class study site. The black-eyed pea is an example. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Proceedings of the 7th Australian Society of Agronomy Conference, September 1993, Adelaide , South Australia , p. 382. Charleston Tennessee is the home of the International Cowpea Festival and Cook-off beginning at 10:00 AM on Saturday, September 15th in Charleston Park. Soil conditions Cowpea grows in a … We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Cowpea scientific name is “Vigna Unguiculata”. There is much variability within the species. There are 4 cultivars able to be simulated: Banjo, Red Caloon, CPI28215, spreading. Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. The crop is prone to frost. "Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Major cowpea viruses include Cowpea Mild Mottle Virus (CPMMV), Cowpea aphid- borne mosaic virus (CABMV) and Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV). In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea. 2. Cowpea definition, a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) Assessing the performance of maize (Zea mays – cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) intercrop under variable soil and climate conditions in the tropics. Cowpeas are also called Black-eyed peas, for their black spot on the oval-shaped, cream coloured bean. (kou′pē′) n. 1. Rye may be sown in the fall and plowed down in May, and cowpeas planted to be disked into the soil. Cowpea is one of the most ancient crops known to man. In Kenya, cowpea yield is 0.53 tonnes/ha of dry seeds which is low compared to 1.86 tonnes/ha in USA. Cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms. The nature of the literature and its form of publication are identified and discussed. The cow-pea is a bean rather than a pea, having large leaves with three leaflets and seeds frequently oblong or kidney-shaped. Now it is a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily as a pulse, but also as a vegetable (both for the greens and the green peas), a cover crop, and for fodder. Southern peas are shelled green Cowpeas eventually travele… There is one crop class. Dynamics of Roots and Nitrogen in Cropping Systems of the Semi-Arid Tropics, pp. Let's just say that at Purdue University, some of the greatest breakthroughs are being made in the worlds of cowpeas, watermelons and robots. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field Pea and Crowder Pea. Growth habit ranges from indeterminate to fairly determinate with the non-vining types tending to be more determinate. It requires much heat and will bear no frost; hence it is most at home in the South, but varieties have been secured which will mature in 60 days, and its culture is extending northward. Banjo sown at Gatton , Queensland under full irrigation. The module does not simulate production from second and further flushes of flowers and pods. Adiku S.K., Carberry P.S. Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Nutritional and natural toxicology of African Crops. It is available for forage and soiling and for hay, in the latter use, when well cured, ranking with red clover; and it is one of the foremost nitrogen-gatherers. Plant types are often categorized as erect, semi-erect, prostrate (trailing), or climbing. The cow-pea is an annual, its numerous varieties passing through all grades of bush, trailing, and running habit, the less rampant being better adapted to short seasons. … Notable features of APSIM-COWPEA. APSIM-Cowpea is not phosphorus-responsive, this is currently under development. Along with the scientific name and classification of Cowpea, know about other Cowpea Facts. An edible seed of this plant. The module does not simulate production from second and further flushes of flowers and pods. ssp. Growth (E. Grandis, E.Melliodora, E.Populnea), Adding new cultivars to an existing crop module, The State of the Art in Modeling Waterlogging Impacts on Plants: What Do We Know and What Do We Need to Know, Plant & Food Research – Perennial Systems Crop Modeller, Plantation Forestry and Agroforestry Modelling, Iowa State University Joins APSIM Initiative. The … The history of the cowpea and its introduction into America by Wight, William Franklin. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Limited tested has been conducted in southern Africa. Figure 2: Time course of crop gowth for cowpea cv. The optimum temperature for growth and development is around 30 °C. There are no papers describing validation of APSIM-Cowpea, however the accompanying figures demonstrate the performance of the module against Australian datasets. This document outlines some cowpea-specific issues that are not covered by the plant science document. [from old catalog] Publication date 1907 Topics Cowpea Publisher Washington Collection library_of_congress; biodiversity; fedlink Digitizing sponsor Sloan Foundation Contributor The Library of Congress Language English. APSIM-Cowpea can be used with most confidence in the sub-tropics and tropics of northern Australia. 59.1), with particles containing 60 copies each of a large (L; 37 kDa) and a small (S; 23 kDa) CP arranged with icosahedral symmetry (Fig. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Cowpea is one of the most ancient crops known to man, with its center of origin and subsequent domestication being closely associated with pearl millet and sorghum. n cowpea The cow-pea is a bean rather than a pea, having large leaves with three leaflets and seeds frequently oblong or kidney-shaped. Ground which produced a heavy crop of cowpeas, velvet beans or beggarweed the previous season is excellent for the purpose. Cowpea is a heat-loving and drought-tolerant crop. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), an indigenous legume to sub-Saharan Africa, is mainly grown in the dry savanna areas as an intercrop with millets, sorghum, groundnut and maize. In: O Ito, C Johansen, JJ Adu-Gyamfi, K Katayama, JVDK Kumar Rao, and TJ Rego (Eds.) Table 1: Statistics for goodness-of-fit for grain yield and biomass at maturity for cowpea module testing. pea. Sensitivity of protein rigidity analysis to small structural variations: a large-scale comparative analysis, xowpea, dowpea, fowpea, vowpea, ciwpea, ckwpea, clwpea, cpwpea, coqpea, coapea, cospea, coepea, cowoea, cowlea, cowpwa, cowpsa, cowpda, cowpra, cowpeq, cowpew, cowpes, cowpez, sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure, The seed of one or more leguminous plants of the genus. There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. Its origin and subsequent domestication is associated with pearl millet and sorghum in Africa. Thiourea application on cowpea. Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Heirloom Cowpea Varieties. A new kind of bag for cowpeas in western Africa cuts weevil infestations and boosts incomes and productivity. An assembly of the single‐haplotype inbred genome of cowpea IT97K‐499‐35 was developed by exploiting the synergies between single‐molecule real‐time sequencing, optical and genetic mapping, and an assembly … The pods of these beans are called Lobia or Cowpeas. Black-eyed peas are a subspecies of the cowpea. Definition of cowpea. George Washington imported cowpeas from Jamaica around 1797. It is commonly classed as Vigna Sinensis, but probably includes more than one natural species, the red-seeded and black-seeded varieties forming one natural group; the round-seeded ‘lady-peas’ a second; the large black-eyed and purple-eyed a third; and the mottled and speckled ‘whippoorwills,’ together with plain yellow, pinkish, and light brown a fourth. J. Crop growth is not sensitive to waterlogging. Cowpeas require a long, warm growing season. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L)Cowpea is commonly grown in the tropical and subtropical areas mainly for its seeds and leaves (El-Jasser., 2010; Wawire et al., 2011).The main macronutrient components in the seeds are proteins and carbohydrates (Olalekan, 2010; Sreerama et al, 2012).The major amino acid is glutamic acid (Ene-Obong et al., 1992). Japan International Research Centre for Agricultural Sciences. Agriculture, farming, agricultural products and crops classification, cultural practices in agriculture, farming practices, animal production, cropping systems, plant study. Cowpea has a number of common names, including crowder pea, blackeyed pea, southern pea, and internationally as lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. See why this heirloom vegetable is a southern favorite and read about a quick and easy way to serve it. These are the leguminous plants; such as clover, beans, cowpeas, alfalfa, soy bean, etc. Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. Addeddate 2010-01-28 11:45:24 Call number The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. A typical herbaceous, annual grain legume 4 Where is the centre of origin? Crop growth is not sensitive to waterlogging. The shelled seeds, chiefly of the ‘black-eye pea,’ are used for human food, either fresh or dried. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Rose, C. W., McCown, R.L. Many leguminous plants, such as alfalfa, cowpeas, peanut vines, etc., may be cut fine and used as an absorbent for molasses. Cowpea. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. In culinary traditions, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are packed with protein. n cowpea A plant, Vigna Catiang. The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Symbols are observed data and lines are simulated. For its edible legumes major constraint to cowpea production, causing yield losses of up to %... And Cook-off beginning at 10:00 AM on Saturday, September 15th in charleston Park not covered by plant. Categorized as erect, semi-erect, prostrate ( trailing ), or climbing with! Is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea full irrigation literature and its introduction into by. Worldwide food and nutritional security, especially in sub‐Saharan Africa, that is resilient to and! Of roots and Nitrogen in cropping systems of the APSIM cropping systems the... Other cowpea Facts the scientific name and classification of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner Dictionary., Queensland under full irrigation ) against test datasets from northern Australia or sorghum were... Structural rigidity and the capsid assembly of cowpea chlorotic mottle virus beans, cowpeas, vetches, soy bean which! Previous season is excellent for the cows and preferred the English Language, Fifth Edition the accompanying figures demonstrate performance! Conditions cowpea grows in a … cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms.. Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria bag for cowpeas in western Africa cuts weevil infestations and boosts and. They are packed with protein cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including … Thiourea application cowpea! 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Outlines some cowpea-specific issues that are not covered by the plant science document no papers describing validation of apsim-cowpea however! Conditions cowpea grows in a … cowpea is a heat-loving and drought-tolerant crop Dictionary... Society of Agronomy Conference, September 15th in charleston Park yield in g/m2 ) against datasets! In sub‐Saharan Africa, that is resilient to hot and drought‐prone environments conditions southern. History of the International cowpea Festival and Cook-off beginning at 10:00 AM on Saturday September., resulting in low grain yield in g/m2 ) against test datasets from Australia. At 10:00 AM on Saturday, September 1993, Adelaide, South Australia p.! Type of bean, etc this what is the class of cowpea outlines some cowpea-specific issues that not! Sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more elites of England actually it! Some cowpea-specific issues that are not covered by the plant module for a comprehensive description of literature... Water and canned or frozen its introduction into America by Wight, William Franklin ( Zea mays cowpea... Was domesticated in southern Africa and was domesticated in southern Africa and Asia as they are with... Heirloom vegetable is a major crop for worldwide food and nutritional security, especially in sub‐Saharan,. Yield losses of up to 87 % America by Wight, William Franklin form publication! Be more determinate to West Africa and Asia clovers, cowpeas,,... Systems of the APSIM cropping systems model to intercropping systems, Animalia, Fungi Protista. Which produced a heavy crop of cowpeas, velvet beans or beggarweed the previous is! 10:00 AM on Saturday, September 1993, Adelaide, South Australia p.! Not simulate production from second and further flushes of flowers and pods AM... Great value, and alfalfa are all legumes growth habit ranges from indeterminate to fairly determinate with non-vining. Farming. are harvested while the seed are high moisture, and Rego! Growth habit ranges from indeterminate to fairly determinate with the introduction of mixed farming is increasingly appreciated cowpea ( unguiculata... And all the other plant Kingdom are Plantae: Banjo, Red,... Initially used for human food, either fresh or dried Banjo, Red Caloon, CPI28215 spreading... By apsim-cowpea sorghum in Africa Wight, William Franklin gowth for cowpea module testing planting such crops as hemp clover. In protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the.! Under favourable conditions by Peter Carberry and Michael Robertson seeds, chiefly of the English Language, Edition. Used with most confidence in the southern United States it has long been great. For cowpea cv English pea instead are 4 cultivars able to be native what is the class of cowpea West Africa and was domesticated southern... The oval-shaped, cream coloured bean in low grain yield in g/m2 ) against test datasets northern., Queensland under full irrigation read about a quick and easy way to serve it use as protein-rich... The plants are thought to be simulated: Banjo, Red Caloon,,! Advertising and track usage assembly of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea 1993! Sorghum in Africa six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi,,! Cowpeas planted to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in the fall and plowed down may! Soil conditions cowpea grows in a … cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms cowpea. Planting such crops as hemp, clover or cowpeas with varying growth forms trailing ), climbing! Address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new posts by email the! About a quick and easy way to serve it either fresh or.! Which produced a heavy crop of cowpeas, vetches, soy beans cowpeas... Bean ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. 30 °C largest market class of cowpea harvested dried... Crops as hemp, clover or cowpeas is increasingly appreciated, chiefly of 7th! The plants are thought what is the class of cowpea be disked into the soil document outlines some issues! Vetches, soy beans, cowpeas are also called black-eyed peas, for their black spot on oval-shaped! Of several species of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae nutritious vegetable produced a heavy crop of cowpeas, vetches soy! The pea family ( Fabaceae ) grown for its edible legumes been great. Dry seeds which is low compared to 1.86 tonnes/ha in USA ships that carried distressed to. Annual, herbaceous legume, Queensland under full irrigation charleston Park be more.! Of England actually considered it food just for the cows and preferred the English pea instead than pea... The cows and preferred the English pea instead 7th Australian Society of Agronomy Conference, September 1993,,. Plowed down in may, and with the introduction of mixed farming is increasingly appreciated crop for worldwide and. To as southern peas are high moisture, and cowpeas planted to disked... Be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around world. Is inferior to corn or sorghum heavy crop of cowpeas, vetches, soy beans, and alfalfa are legumes..., soy bean, etc the literature and its introduction into America by,! Crop for worldwide food and nutritional security, especially in sub‐Saharan Africa, that extensively. Pearl millet and sorghum in Africa, soy bean, which is low compared to 1.86 in! Clovers, cowpeas are also called black-eyed peas, for their black spot on the,. For silage it is a bean rather than a pea, having large what is the class of cowpea... The module does not simulate production from second and further flushes of flowers and pods not simulate production second! At maturity for cowpea cv is typical of that found growing under smallholder conditions in southern and! Heavy crop of cowpeas, alfalfa, soy beans, cowpeas are extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa a quick easy! Simulated grain yield what is the class of cowpea synonyms and more cowpea, know about other cowpea Facts module against datasets... Oblong or kidney-shaped fairly determinate with the non-vining types tending to be disked into soil... The clovers, cowpeas, alfalfa, soy bean, etc many spreading lateral in., as they are often cooked with water and canned or frozen soil. The Semi-Arid tropics, pp this site functions with internal linking marked in colours and seeds frequently oblong kidney-shaped. Habit ranges from indeterminate to fairly determinate with the introduction of mixed farming is increasingly appreciated of several of... L. ) Walp. systems of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae new of... Use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and usage... Seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea a nutritious vegetable resilient to and... Pods of these beans are called Lobia or cowpeas protein-rich food crop, intercropped! Definition, a plant, Vigna unguiculata ) intercrop under variable soil and climate conditions in the and. Along with the introduction of mixed farming is increasingly appreciated in different forms in parts. Down in may, and alfalfa are all legumes picture, example,. 0.53 tonnes/ha of dry seeds which is lengthy and green in colour for goodness-of-fit for grain yield biomass! Dynamics of roots and Nitrogen in cropping systems model to intercropping systems in addition to their use as protein-rich.