Gracie will be deeply mourned by her son John and daughter Ellen (O'Malley-Dunlop), daughter-in-law Elaine, and son-in-law Sandy. Grace's father, who was known as "Black Oak," was chieftain of a powerful clan in western Ireland. Her exploits were largely written out of history by contemporary Irish historians for being a woman. She witnessed at first hand the downfall of the established Gaelic order and the subsequent crumbling and death of Ireland’s governing elite. In Irish folklore she is commonly known as Gráinne Mhaol (anglicised as Granuaile) and is a well-known historical figure in 16th-century Irish history. They controlled most of what is now the barony of Murrisk[5] in south-west County Mayo and recognised as their nominal overlords the Mac William Íochtar branch of the Bourkes, who controlled much of what is now County Mayo. Ní Mháille had every reason, and used every opportunity, to limit the power of the Kingdom of Ireland over her part of the country. Westport House in County Mayo, Ireland, was the seat of the Browne dynasty, Marquesses of Sligo, direct descendants of Gráinne Ní Mháille. Upon his death, she inherited his large shipping and trading business. [10], Ní Mháille was married in 1546 to Dónal an Chogaidh Ó Flaithbheartaigh, tánaiste or heir to the Ó Flaithbheartaigh (O'Flaherty) title, which would have been a good political match for the daughter of the Ó Máille chieftain. A statue of Gráinne Ní Mháille by the artist Michael Cooper – the brother-in-law of the 11th Marquess of Sligo – is on display in Westport House, and a bronze casting of the statue is situated on the grounds near the house. By 1566, Ní Mháille had married a second time, this time to Risdeárd an Iarainn ("Iron Richard") Bourke, his nickname deriving from his ironworks at Burrishoole, the place of his principal castle and residence. 'Westport House A Brief History' Westport House 2008. Upon being told she could not because her long hair would catch in the ship's ropes, she cut off most of her hair to embarrass her father into taking her. Her larger vessels were generally moored off Clare Island, where her chief stronghold was situated, whilst her smaller craft were kept at Carrigahowly Castle, in Newport Bay. [26] She is also mentioned in the English State Papers and in other documents of the kind, an example being a letter sent by the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, to his son Phillip in 1577: "There came to mee a most famous femynyne sea captain called Grace Imallye, and offred her service unto me, wheresoever I woulde command her, with three gallyes and two hundred fightinge men ..."[27]. See J. Costello, K. Doyle, L. Errity, and A.L. In 1593, when her two sons Tibbot Burke and Murrough O'Flaherty, and her half-brother Dónal na Píopa were captured by the English governor of Connacht, Sir Richard Bingham, Ní Mháille sailed to England to petition Queen Elizabeth I for their release. Eoghain Ó Flaithbertaigh, Murchad Ó Flaithbertaigh, Margaret/Maeve Ní Fhlaithbertaigh, American actress Molly Lyons wrote and starred in a one-woman show titled, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 14:00. The Uí Mháille were one of the seafaring families of Connacht, and they built a row of castles facing the sea to protect their territory. [3] She is also mentioned in the English State Papers and in other documents of the kind.[4]. O'Malley, Grace (née Comerford), The Corner House, Rathdowney, Co. Laois. When they were approached, if they resisted they were fought with violence, ending in many occasions the skirmish with the death of some men. She fought battles with men and gave birth… He was lord of the Ó Máille dynasty and ruler of Umall, descended from Maille mac Conall. 1603: Grace dies at Rockfleet. She was also known as Gráinne Ní Mháille or Granuaile. II, cited in Chambers 2003, spelling modernised. But while Elizabeth ruled England, the other queen ruled a considerably smaller sea-faring clan. One of Grace O'Malley's nicknames was 'the girl with the cropped hair'. The thief dug a tunnel and escaped, however, and the hermit who took care of the church broke his vow of silence to scold her for attempting to harm someone who had sought sanctuary. Ordnance Survey Letters, Mayo, vol. Grace O'Malley died as a respected and independent noblewoman around 1603 at … Grace O'Malley dominated the shipping lanes and accumulated tons of wealth during her lifetime. Grace O'Malley was Queen of Umaill, chieftain of the O Maille clan, a rebel, seafarer, and fearless leader who challenged the turbulent politics of 16th century England and Ireland.While Irish legends have immortalized Grace as a courageous woman who overcame boundaries of gender imbalance and bias to fight for the independence of Ireland and protect it against the English crown; to … The original house was built by Colonel John Browne, a Jacobite, who was at the Siege of Limerick (1650–51), and his wife Maude Bourke. Sources of Information: Wikipedia and The life and Legacy of Grace O’Malley by Charles River Editors. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Beloved wife of the late Donie O'Malley, died peacefully July 23rd. Walsh died at the age of 107 and his father was the same age as Gráinne. [28], A story is recorded of Ní Mháille chiding her son Tíoboíd in the course of an attack on Kinturk Castle, when she thought he was shirking the battle: "An ag iarraidh dul i bhfolach ar mo thóin atá tú, an áit a dtáinig tú as?" She died of natural causes in 1603 at Rockfleet Castle and was 72 or 73 at the time of her passing. He was preceded in death by his parents, Charles and Margaret O'Malley of Cleveland, Ohio, his Wife Grace O'Malley, his granddaughter Eileen Grace Sandhusen and two brothers/sisters-in-law, Walter O'Malley (Audrey) and Andrew O'Malley (Eleanor). Risdeárd an Iarainn ("Iron Richard") Bourke, "Dictionary of Irish Biography - Cambridge University Press", "Grace O'Malley, the Fearless 16th-Century Irish Pirate Queen Who Stood Up to the English", "Gráinne Mhaol, Queen Of Pirates, by Miracle Of Sound", "Current Events: The Marki Shalloe Theatre Festival, October 21 – November 5, 2006", Granuaile the latest vessel in the National Seabed Survey, Judy Staley's article about Grace O'Malley on Rootsweb. There are no contemporary images of her. Create your account. An important source of information is the eighteen "Articles of Interrogatory", questions put to her in writing on behalf of Elizabeth I. She was treated at St. Anthony's for pulmonary phthisis, which today is known as tb. Grace O’Malley was a powerful leader in Ireland in the 1500s. She is preceded in death by her sister, Ann Marie (McHale) and brother, William O'Malley. [7], With shore castles like Carrickkildavnet, the Uí Mháille taxed all those who fished off their coasts, which included fishermen from as far away as England. Grace O’Malley was born in 1530 at her family’s Belclare Castle in the Clew Bay area, western Ireland. [2], Ní Mháille is not mentioned in the Irish annals, so documentary evidence for her life comes mostly from English sources, especially the eighteen "Articles of Interrogatory", questions put to her in writing on behalf of Elizabeth I. Because Rockfleet was over a week's march from Dublin, and as she was so often at sea, control by the Crown was very weak. From the age of eleven, she forged a career in seafaring and piracy and was considered a fierce leader at sea and a shrewd politician on land. However, they were put to flight and barely escaped. The O’Malley family were famous for being a noble, seafaring family and her father was the chieftain of his clan. Granuaile: Grace O'Malley: Grace O'Malley - Ireland's Pirate Queen, by Anne Chambers; Foreword; Gill & Macmillan Ltd, 2006; Gaisford St Lawrence Papers, cited in Chambers 2003, p. 73. Ní Mháille refused to bow before Elizabeth because she didn't recognise her as the "Queen of Ireland". Although she was the only child of Dubhdara and his wife, Ní Mháille had a paternal half-brother called Dónal na Píopa. The song where Grace O'Malley is celebrated, Paris Declaration Respecting Maritime Law, Jim Hawkins and the Curse of Treasure Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grace_O%27Malley&oldid=999498043, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Hiberno-English, Pages which use embedded infobox templates with the title parameter, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Land-owner, sea-captain, political activist. Grace O’Malley lived a life full of adventure and danger upon the high seas. [8] The nickname may also come from "Gráinne Umhaill" ("Gráinne of Umhall", Umhall being a historical district of west Connacht dominated by the Uí Mháille). As the Nine Years' War escalated, Ní Mháille sought to retrench her position with the crown. However, according to historical speculation on her date of birth and date of... See full answer below. She was the head of her clan and one of the few female pirates in history. Only 11 of theire children were alive by the 1900 census. Her death. Local folklore had it that Ní Mháille, as a young girl, wished to go on a trading expedition to Spain with her father. Mentxaka, 'Grainne: A Play'. Little is known about Grace O'Malley's childhood. Grace O’Malley (1530-1603) The Abbey, Clare Island, Co Mayo Pirate queen and warrior princess, clan chieftain and matriarch, Grace O’Malley had the type of dramatic life that demands a spectacular resting place – and this 12th-century Cistercian abbey, perched on a headland 5km off the Mayo coast, fits the bill to perfection. … In particular, the MacMahon clan wanted to hit O’Malley where it hurt most. The head of the family was known simply by his surname as Ó Máille (anglicised as The O'Malley). Maude Bourke was Ní Mháille's great-great granddaughter. Ireland Before You Die. From her earliest days, she rejected the role of the 16th-century woman, instead embracing life on the sea with the fleet of O'Malley trading ships. Grace was the only daughter of Eoghan Dubhdara O’Malley and Margaret O’Malley. 1597: At the ’great age’ of 67, Grace is recorded still actively leading her men by sea in a retaliatory attack on MacNeil of Barra off the Scottish coast. Grace was a woman with many strings to her bow: seafarer, pirate, chieftain and trader. Grace also got involved in political issues and fought against English domination. She allegedly took a shipwrecked sailor as her lover. Her attack on Doona Castle earned her the nickname 'Dark Lady of Doona'.[14]. In 1593, in his letter to protest Ní Mháille's claims against him, Sir Richard Bingham claimed that she was "nurse to all rebellions in the province for this forty years". Ní Mháille then met with the Queen at Greenwich Palace, wearing a fine gown; the two of them were surrounded by guards and the members of Elizabeth's royal court.[22]. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Services, Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. [29] She is also recorded as saying, with regard to her followers, "go mb'fhearr léi lán loinge de chlann Chonraoi agus de chlann Mhic an Fhailí ná lán loinge d'ór" (that she would rather have a shipload of Conroys and MacAnallys than a shipload of gold).[29]. O’Malley’s affair with Hugh de Lacy was sadly short-lived due to O’Malley’s many enemies. Her name was also rendered in contemporary English documents in various ways, including Gráinne O'Maly, Graney O'Mally, Granny ni Maille, Grany O'Mally, Grayn Ny Mayle, Grane ne Male, Grainy O'Maly, and Granee O'Maillie. In her 2006 biography of Ní Mháille, Irish historian and novelist Anne Chambers described her as: a fearless leader, by land and by sea, a political pragmatist and politician, a ruthless plunderer, a mercenary, a rebel, a shrewd and able negotiator, the protective matriarch of her family and tribe, a genuine inheritor of the Mother Goddess and Warrior Queen attributes of her remote ancestors. There are no records indicating the cause of death for Grace O'Malley. [17], More than twenty years after her death, an English Lord Deputy of Ireland recalled her ability as a leader of fighting men, noting the fame she still had among the Irish people.[18][19]. She was never conquered, never defeated, and died an old woman living in a giant fucking castle on top of piles of gold coins and 25 year-old studs with rock-hard abs. [22] It's also rumoured that she had a dagger concealed about her person, which guards found upon searching her. 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