The majority of their diet is made up of high protein succulent leaves from flowering plants. Weight 460 - 1000kg. The hybrid produced was sterile, which was unexpected before the study. The common eland has been domesticated in South Africa and Russia. It does not need to be stored in a fridge and can last for up to eight months when properly prepared instead of a few days. They eat in the morning and evening, rest in shade when hot and remain in sunlight when cold. [4] Tragos is Greek for a male goat, referring to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear and its resemblance to a goat's beard. A mature bull can weigh over a ton, having a thick neck, hump, and a dewlap reminiscent of a Brahma bull. Males are larger than females measuring 240-345cm (59-72in) from the snout to the start of the tail. The Cape eland is southern Africa's largest antelope. Males usually keep close contact with females in the mating period. The eland is the largest of a number of related species, characterized by spiralling horns and vertical cream-coloured stripes along the flanks and haunches. Females are smaller than males. Male eland can weigh up to 2,200 pounds. [3] Husbandry requires care because the generally placid animals startle easily and require large amounts of space. They also test the female's urine. Elands are herbivorous. [3], Three subspecies of common eland have been recognized, though their validity has been in dispute. That enormous male had only one horn, the other having been broken maybe in a fight with another male opponent. 73 Year Old Alaskan Scores a 73 inch Giant – A Record Breaking Alaskan Bull Moose. [28] Using ground counts and aerial surveys, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) calculates the population density of the common eland to be between 0.05 and 1 per square kilometre with a total population estimate of 136,000. Once the leaves start to turn and the air gets a bit more crisp, thousands of hunters find themselves in the Alaskan backcountry in hopes of finding a legal bull moose to fill their freezers, let alone a record breaking Alaskan bull moose to remember for years to come. Common elands are spiral-horned antelopes. Females weigh 660–1,320 pounds and stand 49–60 inches at the shoulder. Usually, a female chooses the most dominant and fit male to mate with. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22055A115166135. Juvenile elands are more vulnerable than adults to their predators.[3]. Bulls weigh 400–942 kg (882–2,077 lb),[11] are 240–345 cm (94–136 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 150–183 cm (59–72 in) at the shoulder. Shot was about 20 yds, broadside, and entered tight behind the right leg that was a bit forward. [10], International Union for Conservation of Nature, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, 10.1644/1545-1410(2002)689<0001:TO>2.0.CO;2, "Husbandry Guidelines For The Common Eland", "A long‐standing Pleistocene refugium in southern Africa and a mosaic of refugia in East Africa: insights from mtDNA and the common eland antelope", "The Living Africa: Wildlife – Bovid Family – Common Eland", "Taurotragus oryx (Common eland)-Ontogeny and Reproduction", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_eland&oldid=985311716, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Distribution of the common eland over the, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 06:44. [3] The common eland's life expectancy is generally between 15 and 20 years; in captivity some live up to 25 years. Common eland are found throughout Southern Africa. The calves start befriending each other and stay back in the nursery group while the mother returns to the female group. Page 2 of 16. When a predator is spotted the bull in the group will bark and walk back and forth to alert other elands of the danger. An average weight for a male eland would be somewhere between 400 and 492kg (882-2,077lb). They will avoid forests, swamps and deserts. The cow, which is usually much smaller, weighs around 1100lbs and measures around 4,8 feet. Twycross Zoo Rhino Has a Party for His Third Birthday, Watch as Toronto Zoo Zebra Foal is Born on Video, Mini Monkeys are the Latest Arrivals at Chester Zoo. After about 24 hours of the delivery, the mother and calf join this group. Cautiously we followed and 300 more yards into the walk, the bigger bull moved to the left which should put him where I might get a shot. [25] Grasses the eland eats include Setaria and Themeda and fruits from Securinega and Strychnos. Weaning occurs at six months old. The places inhabited by elands generally contain Acacia, Combretum, Commiphora, Diospyros, Grewia, Rhus and Ziziphus trees and shrubs; some of these also serve as their food. IUCN Conservation Status: Cape eland: Lower Risk, Least concern (LR/lc). Mainly browsers but do occasionally graze, they love wild fruit. [20] Females have a gestation period of 9 months, and give birth to only one calf each time. Down their sides are vertical white stripes. The study conformed the chromosome numbers of both the eland and the kudu and the strangeness of their attached Y chromosomes. The disease-causing bacteria Theileria taurotragi has caused many eland deaths. However, there is a low density of elands in Africa due to poaching and human settlement. It was borrowed earlier as ellan (French) in the 1610s or Elend (German). [12], Their coat differs geographically, with elands in northern part of their range having distinctive markings (torso stripes, markings on legs, dark garters and a spinal crest) that are absent in the south. [20] They travel the grassy plains in wet periods and prefer bushy areas in dry periods. The heaviest eland bull I've ever weighed dressed out at 440kg. [27], Common elands are resistant to trypanosomiasis, a protozoan infection that has the tsetse fly as a vector, but not to the Rhipicephalus-transmitted disease theileriosis. An extinct ancestor of the common eland (Taurotragus arkelli) appears in the Pleistocene in northern Tanzania and the first T. oryx fossil appears in the Holocene in Algeria. The Livingstone Eland Bull, Cape Eland's Northern counterpart, has a similar weight of 650-910 kg: Source: Bovids of the World: Antelopes, Gazelles, Cattle, Goats, Sheep, and … Sometimes she runs away from males trying to mate, causing more attraction. The common eland is used by humans for leather, meat, and rich, nutritious milk, and has been domesticated in many areas. Common elands have also been widely domesticated in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Kenya, as well as in Russia and Ukraine.[32][33]. [3] If eland bulls find any of their predators nearby, they will bark and attempt to attract the attention of others by trotting back and forth until the entire herd is conscious of the danger. Mating may occur anytime. On some occasions males will engage in fights using their horns. A female can produce up to 7 kilograms (15 lb) of milk per day that is richer in milkfat than cow milk. Both sexes have a signature square profile – accentuated in the bull by a large dewlap – and straight horns that are longer and narrower in the female. Common elands can reproduce in captivity, but calf survival is low and the young may need to be separated from their mothers to ensure health and adequate feeding. I've seen too many good hits with 300-grain bullets carrying in excess of 3,000 f-p energy fail to knock … It’s been theorized that this sound is made by a tendon in the leg sliding over a leg bone and making a sound like a guitar string being plucked. At the shoulder they stand 125-153cm (49-60in) tall. Eland Trophy Fees. [7], Common elands are spiral-horned antelopes. The ox-like males are twice the weight of females, sometimes reaching buffalo size. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. It is native to Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe but is no longer present in Burundi. . This is supplemented with forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, tubers and seeds. Reports state that repeated matings of male elands with domestic (Bos primigenius) and zebu cows (Bos indicus) have also produced sterile hybrids. The largest of the spiral-horned antelope, this ox-like bovid develops the thick neck, hump, and dewlap characteristics of the Brahma bull. Actually, the the Eland from the Drakensberg is the same subspecies. At the shoulder they stand 125-153cm (49-60in) tall. [6], The name 'eland' is Dutch for "elk" or "moose". A young eland bull encountered while hunting in Namibia. Their home range is between 200 and 400km2 (77.2-154.4mi2) for females and their young with males having smaller ranges of about 50km2 (19.3mi2). Males also have dense fur on their foreheads and a large dewlap on their throats. The flehmen response also occurs, primarily in males in response to contact with female urine or genitals. Their coat is an orangey-brown but becomes more grey in males as they age. Description: The Largest of the African antelope, an adult eland bull stands about 67 inches (1.7 metres) at the shoulder and can weigh up to 1,980 pounds (900 kilograms). Clostridium chauvoei, another bacterium, can be harmful as well. [10] Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. Adult males can easily weigh up to one ton. Mojave 555. Males chase the females to find out if they are in estrus. However, they are still pretty hefty, weighing up to 600 kg. It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. Also plan for several R000's for having the trophy done at a good Taxidermy. Males mature at seven years and continue to add bulk with age, whereas females are mature by four years and remain much slimmer, with a shoulder height of 120–150 cm (47–59 inches) and a weight of 317–470 kg (699–1,036 pounds). They have a body length between 2.2 and 3.45 m (7.2 - 11.3 ft), a tail length of 90 cms (35 inches), and they weigh between 300 and 1,000 kgs (660 - 2,210 lbs). In recent years the eland has become popular as a source of meat and milk. Older mature males can weigh up to one ton and can be very difficult to bring down. Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. [3] In southern Africa common elands will often associate with herds of zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. Both bulls and cows sport a set of horns that twist from the base to the tip. Relatively large numbers of common eland now live on private land, particularly in Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa, reflecting its value as a trophy animal. To one ton allows a male eland would be somewhere between 400 and 940 kilograms ( 20–35 ). The tip 6 million years in the morning and evening, rest in shade when hot remain. 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