(1) AND 39.1 (1) OF THE FISHERY (GENERAL) REGULATIONS AND WHO HAS BEEN APPOINTED TO MONITOR THE LANDING OF FISH AND TO VERIFY THE WEIGHT AND SPECIES OF FISH CAUGHT AND RETAINED. (II) SUBJECT TO SUBSECTION 6(III) NO PERSON SHALL BE IN POSSESSION OF ANY SWORDFISH THAT IS LESS THAN 125CM IN LENGTH. Biodiversity impacts are primarily associated with the interactions with by-catch species. In its enforcement, C&P has on occasion found evidence of illegal practices and will target its effort to address these issues. Entry to the swordfish fishery, regardless of fleet sector, is limited to the current licences and has been since 1992. THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR IS REQUIRED TO CONTACT THE AT-SEA OBSERVER COMPANY TO ARRANGE TO TAKE AN AT-SEA OBSERVER FOR THAT FISHING TRIP. When more is known, their determination may involve evaluation of alternative population/ecosystem dynamics models, ranging from 'single species' to 'full ecosystem' models. Applying the precautionary approach to fisheries management decisions entails establishing a harvest strategy that: Pre-agreed, risk-based actions will be designed to guide management decisions on harvest rates under various stock status conditions. They are typically caught on pelagic longlines at night when they feed in surface waters or by harpoon during the day when they bask at the surface. The management of Canadian fisheries requires an integrated approach to monitoring, control and surveillance that involves the deployment of fishery officers to air, sea and land patrols; observer coverage on fishing vessels; dockside monitoring program (DMP); and remote electronic monitoring (VMS). Reference points are based on the productivity objectives of the fishery and can include biological, social and economic factors. A. In 2009, the Caribbean Islands of Saint Vincent Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Jamaica, and Netherlands Antilles combined, have accounted for 69% of Skipjack tuna exports from the Atlantic Region (2009). Given the low productivity of the porbeagle, it is expected to take several decades for this species to recover from its low abundance. The ICCAT SCRS completes a full scientific evaluation of the swordfish and other tunas on a regularly scheduled basis, generally conducted every 3-4 years. It provides for the legal protection of wildlife species and the conservation of their biological diversity. The government has listed white shark under SARA and is currently considering whether or not some or all of the remaining species should also be listed. Conduct research in support of plan goals. Results from pop-up satellite archival tagging (PSAT) provide strong evidence of precise homing to the summer foraging grounds. Table 12: Tuna Licences by Province and DFO Region, 2004-2009 BEFORE THE COMMENCEMENT OF A FISHING TRIP THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR SHALL HAVE ENTERED INTO AN AGREEMENT WITH AN AT-SEA OBSERVER COMPANY. Yes, there is a wholesale market for swordfish. WHEN BLUEFIN TUNA HAS BEEN CAUGHT WHILE FISHING CONCURRENTLY, THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR MUST ADHERE TO ALL REQUIREMENTS OF THEIR 2013 BLUEFIN TUNA LICENCE AND CONDITIONS, INCLUDING FOLLOWING ALL HAILING AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS. After the U.S., France is a distant second export destination. Observer coverage was then shifted as required to ensure that all areas were adequately covered. Marine protected areas are effective in protecting plants, animals and habitats as well as enhancing biodiversity and improving the health and sustainable use of our oceans, Great Lakes and coastlines, while also contributing to Canadian coastal communities and industries. The 2009 assessment for Albacore tuna in the North Atlantic region indicated that the stock has remained below BMSY since the late 1960s and that catches below 28,000t will be required for stock rebuilding. A status update on the actions taken with regard to sharks since the 2007 report is expected to be completed by the summer of 2012. (2) For each year of this catch quota allocation, the United States will transfer 25 t to Canada. Note: The number of trips is based on numbers of longline landings taken from. Common pressures from fishing activities are fishing mortality, incidental mortality, and disturbance of bottom habitat. The C&P National Compliance Framework describes a three pillar approach to the sustainability of this and other fisheries. However, the TAC was reduced to 13,700t for 2010 - 2012 for precautionary reasons. The export values are very close to the landed values, indicating the high export component of the landings. It is unknown if Northern Bottlenose Whales on the Grand Banks are from the endangered Scotian Shelf population or the separate Davis Strait population. The Canadian Sea Turtle Network has agreed to take over training for all licence holders, crew and Fisheries Officers starting in 2013. More recently, tagging effort has shifted to the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. PORT OF LANDING, AND Introducing management measures to mitigate by-catch. Harris, L.E., W.E. Ecuador has notably become the second largest export market since 2008, accounting for 37% of Yellowfin tuna exports from the Atlantic Region. “In advance of the next assessment of North Atlantic swordfish, the SCRS (Standing Committee on Research and Statistics) shall develop a Limit Reference Point (LRP) for this stock.” “Future decisions on the management of this stock shall include a measure that would trigger a rebuilding plan, should the biomass decrease to a level approaching the defined LRP as established by the SCRS.". 6. (G) SEA TURTLE SPECIES IDENTIFICATION CHART AND SEA TURTLE HANDLING GUIDELINES SHOULD BE CARRIED ON EACH TRIP. (I) MEASURE IS DEFINED FOR THE PURPOSE OF THESE CONDITIONS AS: TOTAL LENGTH IS MEASURED IN A STRAIGHT LINE, ALONG THE SIDE OF THE BODY, FOLLOWING THE CURVE OF THE BODY FROM THE TIP OF LOWER JAW TO FORK OF THE TAIL; AND DRESSED LENGTH IS MEASURED IN A STRAIGHT LINE, ALONG THE SIDE OF THE BODY, FOLLOWING THE CURVE OF THE BODY FROM THE LEADING EDGE OF THE CLEITHRUM TO THE ANTERIOR ORIGIN OF THE CAUDAL KEEL. HOOKLESS TEASERS, AS DEFINED BELOW ARE PERMITTED TO BE ATTACHED TO EACH LINE. (c) ONLY THE BLUEFIN TUNA TAGS ISSUED TO AND LISTED UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF BLUEFIN TUNA LICENCE ATTACHED TO THIS LICENCE, ARE TO BE USED ON CONCURRENT TRIPS, AND ARE VALID TO DECEMBER 31, 2013. It also means accounting for the cumulative effects of multiple uses, and accounting for how environmental forces, such as climate change, might be affecting how we should manage. Tagging studies show that blue sharks are extremely migratory and do not establish long-term residency in Canadian fisheries waters. B. For the past decade, the North Atlantic reported catch (landings + estimated dead discards) has averaged about 11,332t per year. If the fin seems worth pursuing, the captain steps on the gas, and the harpooner prepares to “stick” the fish. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for CANADA NOVA SCOTIA NEILS HARBOUR CAPE BRETON SWORDFISHING FLEET, PECO CIRCA 1940 at the best online prices at eBay! An ecosystem approach to managing human activity requires consideration of an activity’s impact on all components of the ecosystem – including its structure, function and overall quality – and not just on the resource being used. 2010). Daytime Swordfishing Trips. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. Data indicate an increasing percentage of licences using harpoon gear to catch swordfish compared to longline gear, over 2005-2009. Areas of operations include inside and outside of the Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone. By-catch: The unintentional catch of one species when the target is another. LONGLINE GEAR THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR IS ONLY AUTHORIZED TO USE CORRODIBLE, CIRCLE HOOKS. While blue shark are likely the most commonly caught large shark in Canadian fisheries waters actual landings are very low annually (less than 1 tonne) due to lack of markets/value. (e) THE OBSERVER(S) (DOCKSIDE) IS PRESENT ONBOARD THE VESSEL TO VERIFY THE SWORDFISH HARPOON MONITORING DOCUMENT IS FULLY COMPLETED BY THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR AND VERIFY THE WEIGHT AND SPECIES OF THE CATCH IN THE VESSEL; (f) ALL FISH LANDED MUST BE WEIGHED ON AN ACCURATE CALIBRATED SCALE AT DOCKSIDE POINT OF LANDING (OFFLOADING); (g) THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR IS REQUIRED TO ENSURE THAT THE OBSERVER(S) (DOCKSIDE) IS ABLE TO MAINTAIN VISUAL CONTINUITY OF THE FISH BEING REMOVED FROM THE VESSEL AT THE DOCKSIDE POINT OF LANDING (OFFLOADING); AND. Table 18: Value of Species Caught by Tuna Harvesters, 2009 Best Swordfish in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia: Find 402 Tripadvisor traveller reviews of THE BEST Swordfish and search by price, location, and more. The information in Table 20 and Appendix 7 shows, for tuna harvesters by home port, how dependent these tuna harvesters’ income is on tuna. WHEN FISHING WITH AUTHORIZED GEAR OTHER THAN LONGLINE IN AREAS CLOSED TO THE USE OF LONGLINE GEAR, OR WHEN TRANSITING THROUGH AREAS CLOSED TO THE USE OF LONGLINE GEAR, ALL LONGLINE GEAR ON BOARD THE VESSEL MUST BE UNCLIPPED AND ALL REMOVABLE COMPONENTS STOWED BELOW DECK OR OTHERWISE REMOVED FROM THE PLACE WHERE IT IS NORMALLY USED FOR FISHING, OR PLACED WHERE IT IS NOT READILY AVAILABLE FOR FISHING AND COVERED AND TIED. However, all licence holders have radio transmitters on their longline gear which allows for recovery of most lost gear. 1, pp. A summary of officer time, patrol vessel days, aircraft hours, violations, observer coverage and penalties appears in the tables at the end of Section 9. Females grow faster than males and reach a larger maximum size. In 2009, swordfish accounted for 11% of the landed value of total pelagics and other finfish category, ranking fourth after herring (45%), mackerel (19%) and total tuna (12%). WHEN FISHING THIS LICENCE WITH PELAGIC LONGLINE OR TROLLING GEAR, THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR IS AUTHORIZED TO RETAIN AN INCIDENTAL CATCH OF SHARK, EXCEPT WHITE SHARK (CARCHARODON CARCHARIAS). To meet data confidentiality requirements, an “X” is placed in the table where necessary. THIS NUMBER IS TO BE ENTERED ON THE SWORDFISH/SHARK LONGLINE AND TROLLING MONITORING DOCUMENT IN THE APPROPRIATE SPACE PROVIDED. This is also the form in which most of the fish are landed, indicating a low value-added component in onshore processing of this species. Leatherbacks are the most vulnerable of all Atlantic sea turtles to entanglement in fishing gear such as pelagic longlines, fixed pot gear and gillnets, buoy anchor lines, and other ropes and cables. This change improved the coverage distribution on all vessel sizes. (C) WHEN THE START OF A FISHING TRIP IS DELAYED FOR ANY REASON BY TWELVE (12) HOURS OR MORE FROM THE TIME STATED IN THE HAIL, THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR MUST CALL THE "JUST TALK" SYSTEM TO CANCEL THE HAIL AND OBTAIN A NEW HAIL-OUT REFERENCE NUMBER. Consequently, the Committee can review recommendations made by sub-committees to determine what management measures could be included in regional fishing plans. The 2010 Protection Statement for Northern Bottlenose Whales will be replaced in 2011/2012 by a Protection Order (s. 58(4)), which will put into force the SARA s. 58 prohibition against the destruction of critical habitat. Licence conditions require the release of all incidentally- caught SARA species and licence holders and vessel operators have received training in the safe handling and release of turtles. Japan has received a specific annual quota amount since 1997. (e) FOR THE PURPOSE OF THESE LICENCE CONDITIONS, AN AT-SEA OBSERVER IS AN INDIVIDUAL OR CORPORATION DESIGNATED AS AN AT-SEA OBSERVER BY THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR-GENERAL FOR THE MARITIMES REGION PURSUANT TO THE FISHERY (GENERAL) REGULATIONS. The value of landings dropped by 17%, from $1.5 million to $1.27 million during 2008 and 2009. The landed values relate to only those home ports indicated by swordfish harvesters in 2009. Previously certification in the use of this gear was conducted by US interests. Information is presented regarding the following three sub-species of tuna: Albacore, Bigeye, and Yellowfin. Over the period, 2008-2009, the quantity of total tuna landings decreased by 48% and the tuna sub-species registered a decline as follows: Yellowfin 69%, Albacore 68%, and Bigeye 17%. Industry compliance with the Fisheries and Oceans Atlantic Canadian Loggerhead Turtle Conservation Action Plan and the NSSA Code of Conduct (including the use of de-hooking equipment) reduces impact on the most common SARA species with which this fishery interacts. Swordfish are caught both in directed swordfish fisheries, and as a by-catch of the other tuna (bigeye, yellowfin, albacore) fisheries. The basis for determining references will vary depending on the state of knowledge. An updated estimate of maximum sustainable yield (MSY) from production model analyses is 13,730t (with estimates ranging from 13,020t to 14,182t). PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION 22. The official website for the province of Nova Scotia includes resources for people and business, information on government programs and tourism, news releases as well as links to all government departments and agencies. Monitoring and evaluation are necessary for ensuring management plans are working as intended. This approach is based primarily on maintaining stocks at a level to support the maximum sustainable yield. 6. The pillars are respectively, Education/Shared Stewardship: Monitoring, Control and Surveillance; and Major Case Management. Over 2008-2009, the U.S. was the only export destination for Bigeye tuna. The latitudinal range of bigeye tuna is very wide, and these fish are considered to be at the northern limit of their range in Canadian waters. Nevertheless, C&P considers swordfish a priority species that has an international profile and will seek ways to refine its strategies or possibly increase the time spent in this fishery. Several entanglements in Atlantic Canada have been recorded in longline gear, involving both bottom and pelagic fisheries. The fishery is managed using either ITQs or competitive fishing, with DFO controlling the fishery in order to keep it within the Canadian quota allocated by ICCAT. In the short-term, the Department will work on implementing EAM in the context of discrete activities, such as fishing. Canada and other countries receive an allocation of the overall TAC from ICCAT. Historically the Harpoon A licence holders fished competitively and between 2005 and 2010, there were 60-74 active licences each year representing a total of 118 different licence holders of the 184 licences within Group A that make dedicated trips for swordfish. Both active fleets, harpoon and longline, in the Canadian fishery continue to push for the implementation of long-term objectives and decision making consistent with Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Appendix 3: 2013 Swordfish Harpoon A IQ Condition , ISSUED IN RESPECT OF THE FISHING VESSEL , VESSEL REGISTRATION NUMBER , (HEREINAFTER KNOWN AS THE "VESSEL"): DRESSED LENGTH - IS IDENTIFIED IN THE LOGBOOK INSTRUCTIONS. These are considered to be low estimates, of which the Canadian portion is very small.” In addition, research suggests that blue shark have a high survival rate when handled properly. Appendix 4: 2013 Canadian Atlantic Other Tuna Longline Licence Condition Leatherback turtles were assessed as endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA). Observer Coverage: When a licence holder is required to carry an officially recognized observer onboard their vessel for a specific period of time to verify the amount of fish caught, the area in which it was caught and the method by which it was caught. ICCAT recommended that the next assessment for northern albacore be scheduled for 2013. Its capital is Halifax, which is located in the southeastern portion, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The work plan was vetted through the ecosystem working group of ALPAC and consists of a number of projects with three main objectives: examining appropriate levels of observer coverage, managing discards for all targeted species, and controlling incidental mortality for non-targeted species. Table 7 shows the average price by gear type for 2008-2009. During the period 2006-2009, Skipjack tuna exports from Atlantic Region were evidently based on imported raw materials that are, in turn, exported after processing. (I) NO PERSON SHALL BE IN POSSESSION OF ANY SWORDFISH THAT IS LESS THAN 125CM IN LENGTH. WHEN USING HARPOON GEAR TO FISH UNDER THIS LICENCE, THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR IS AUTHORIZED TO DIRECT FOR AND RETAIN SWORDFISH ONLY. Considered a tropical and subtropical species, juvenile fish tend to disperse into temperate waters as they grow larger, and only larger fish are caught in Canadian waters. In the healthy zone, the fish stock status is good, and fisheries management decisions and harvest strategies are designed to maintain fish stocks within this zone. Principal ports of landing in Nova Scotia include Shelburne, Cape Sable Island, Sambro, Woods Harbour and Clarks Harbour. They are the foundation of the Region’s EAM framework and have been developed to cover the full range of potential impacts on the ecosystem resulting from the various activities managed by the Department. Ex: tons of shrimp per tow, kilograms of fish per hundred longline hooks. The FAO also adopted in 1999 a voluntary IPOA for shark conservation to address global overfishing. Other impacts may be indirect, such as the effects of mortality on predator-prey relationships. Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY): Largest average catch that can continuously be taken from a stock. Existing and proposed marine protected areas provide the foundation for building the national network of marine protected areas, which will be composed of a number of bioregional networks of marine protected areas. They are supported in those efforts by Canadian swordfish harvesters, who understand the importance of sustainability for the future of the fisheries. The approach considers impacts extending beyond those affecting the target species and, in this respect, is consistent with the Food and Agriculture Organization’s Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. TROLLING GEAR, THE LICENCE HOLDER/OPERATOR MAY FISH USING KEGGING TECHN. This Committee serves as the pre-eminent consultative forum for Scotia-Fundy based large pelagics fishing industry and government. (c) NO PERSON SHALL FISH WITH LONGLINE GEAR INSIDE THAT PORTION OF DIVISIONS 4X AND 5Z KNOWN AS THE HELL HOLE, DEFINED AS THE AREA ENCLOSED BY STRAIGHT LINES JOINING THE FOLLOWING POINTS IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY ARE LISTED DURING THE PERIOD JULY 1 TO NOVEMBER 30: (d) NO PERSON SHALL FISH IN THAT PORTION OF DIVISIONS 4WX COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE BLUEFIN EXCLUSION ZONE ENCLOSED BY THE COASTLINE OF NOVA SCOTIA AND STRAIGHT LINES JOINING THE FOLLOWING POINTS IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY ARE LISTED DURING THE PERIOD AUGUST 1 TO DECEMBER 31 EACH YEAR: (e) NO PERSON SHALL FISH IN THE WATERS OF DIVISION 4VSW (ZONE 1 OF THE GULLY MARINE PROTECTED AREA) ENCLOSED BY RHUMB LINES (SIMILAR TO STRAIGHT LINES PLOTTED ON A NAUTICAL CHART) JOINING THE FOLLOWING POINTS IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY ARE LISTED, DURING THE PERIOD JANUARY 1 TO DECEMBER 31 EACH YEAR: NOTE: WHEN THE GEOGRAPHIC BOUNDARY OF THE GULLY MARINE PROTECTED AREA IS EXPRESSED IN LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE, THOSE POINT REFERENCES ARE BASED ON THE GEODESIC SYSTEM NORTH AMERICAN DATUM 1983 (NAD83). 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