Instead, though, I take consistent, calculated risks to pursue what God has for me rather than the American dream of safety, venturing little. State the key differences between Athenian, or direct, democracy and representative democracy. This section may lend undue weight to the Gettysburg Address. You must yourselves realize the power of Athens, and feed you eyes upon her from day to day, till love fills your hearts, and then, when all her greatness shall break upon you, you must reflect that it was by courage, sense of duty, and keen feeling of honor in action that men were enabled to win all this. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. Pericles was born just outside Athens, to a wealthy and powerful family. war. . (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46).) Many people died, Pericles’ funeral oration to the Athenians at the end of the first year of war. While our motives in serving God’s kingdom and church should be nobler than these, the principle of sacrifice of personal advancement for the kingdom of God seems important. Types: they were fighting for was of the upmost importance. However, he himself feels that the heroic deeds of the dead were adequately honored by the funeral the crowd has just witnessed and that the Athenian state has paid for. (Ephesians 2:10). Pericles handout; Pericles’ “Funeral Oration” If you find the speech at all interesting, I’d recommend looking at Dr. J’s Illustrated Pericles’ Funeral Oration. For the joy set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. Valuable prize; as the garland of victory in this race of valor— for … In time, Athens took over leadership of the league and dominated all the city-states in it. from Pericles’ Funeral Oration). Indeed, a worthy summation of Pericles’s oration is that it is a count of the “points in which [Athens] is worthy of admiration”. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. Athens for about 10 years, and then gave Athens back its His speech rallied support for the For it is not the miserable that would most justly be unsparing of their lives, these have nothing to hope for: it is rather they to whom continued life may bring reverses as yet unknown, and to whom a fall, if it came, would be most tremendous in its consequences. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis Pericles, as we know, was an exceeding leader and statesmen for most of Athen’s reign during the 5th century B.C.E. How will we feel about our lives? When Pericles was asked to give the official funeral oration for the Athenian soldiers who had died at one of the opening battles of the Peloponnesian War, he took the occasion not only to praise the dead, but Athens itself, in a speech which has been praised as enshrining the highest ideals of democracy and condemned as blatant propaganda on behalf … I found it very helpful in understanding the wider context of the speech. Trace the transition from tyranny and oligarchy to early democratic forms of government and back to dictatorship in ancient Greece, including the significance of the invention of the idea of citizenship (e.g., from Pericles’ Funeral Oration). No, holding that vengeance upon their enemies was more to be desired than any personal blessings, and reckoning this to be the most glorious of hazards, they joyfully determined to accept the risk… and to let their wishes wait; and while committing to hope the uncertainty of final success, in the business before them they thought fit to act boldly…. Want to be happy? To the “man of spirit,” a life of cowardice will be grief-inducing, but a life of courage will bring joy. Spartaeval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'mrdonn_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_5',109,'0','0'])); Alexander the Great & This lesson is classroom tested and fully customizable. Scholars found a written record of this speech. Gifts from the Greeks, See Also: It talks about democracy and Athenian patriotism. He received his education from philosophers.As a young man, he was known for his skill with words. (June 2019) (Learn how and … Today, I read The Funeral Oration of Pericles. The art of funeral oration first appeared in the Greek culture as far back as approximately 450 B.C. who were killed in battle after the first year of the Here is part of the speech he presented: 'So died these men as became Athenians. Pericles was a famous Greek general. You can view the original marble slabs of the Parthenon frieze at the British Museum and at the Acropolis Museum.Be sure to try the Acropolis Museum’s Google Art Project for a virtual tour of the … A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa; Aircraft Ordnance; Nebelwerfers; Pericles’ Funeral Oration; The Destruction of Army Group Center, 1944. The Peloponnesian War – (431 – 404 BCE) In his speech, Pericles states that the citizens of Athens must That helps me man up and pursue the things I ought to rather than the dull safety of life. (Matthew 19:29). PERICLES c. 495–429 B.C. After the deaths of several soldiers in the Peloponnesian War, Pericles presented his funeral oration. Thus choosing to die resisting, rather than to live submitting, they fled only from dishonor, but met danger face to face, and after one brief moment, while at the summit of their fortune, escaped, not from their fear, but from their glory. We all have hopes for this life, including the stability of riches and family. JAPANESE PILOTED BOMBS; The Quest for Greater Protection; THE WAR OF THE … (Romans 12:1). Pericles occupies a central role for two reasons. Thucydides, "Funeral Oration of Pericles" EXCERPT FROM HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR, 5TH CENTURY B.C. 2. Not that I abandon the wisdom of saving or wise living, nor do I take wild risks. Note that our failure to follow through due to concerns about our imperfections or failures, is “depriving others of our valor.” How much have I deprived others of the good things I have learned and become due to self doubt and fear of people seeing my flaws? city-state of Athens. His speech was eloquent, and he used this opportunity to promote the virtues of Democracy as well. In this activity, students will read Pericles' famous "Funeral Oration," as recorded by the historian Thucydides and answer comprehension questions. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War. In 431 BCE the Athenian statesman Pericles delivered one of the most influential speeches of all time, his Epitaphios or Funeral Oration. Like other wartime wisdom, it contains spiritual lessons for those of us on the spritual path, which I want to record. is an incredible speech. dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the Quotes from Pericles's Funeral Oration. For we are God’s masterpiece. 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